Developmental Psychology Notebook Assignments

Notebook Assignment #1:  (Assigned 9/9/19)

Read pages 7-13 in your textbook covering Chapter 1 Section 1 entitled “Why Study Psychology?”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Tuesday, September 10, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  physiological, cognitive, psychology, hypothesis, theory, basic science, applied science, scientific method

2.  Name and describe each of the four goals of psychology.

3.  Why do psychologists use the scientific method?

4.  How might a psychologist doing basic science and a psychologist practicing applied science differ in their approach to the issue of "internet addiction”?

5.  You have developed a hypothesis that gray and tan cars are more likely to be sideswiped than other colors of cars.  How would you test this hypothesis?

Notebook Assignment #2:  (Assigned 9/11/19)

Read pages 13-22 in your textbook covering Chapter 1 Section 2 entitled “A Brief History of Psychology”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Thursday, September 12, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  structuralist, introspection, functionalist, psychoanalyst, behaviorist, humanist, cognitivist, psychobiologist

2.  If phrenology had been proven to be accurate, how might it have been used to predict human behavior?

3.  Why did the Greeks think the heart was more important than the mind?

4.  How can social psychologists use other psychological approaches to help resolve cultural or ethnic conflicts?

5.  Focus for one minute on exactly what you are doing.  Write a complete description of your thought processes.

Notebook Assignment #3:  (Assigned 9/17/19)

Read pages 35-41 in your textbook covering Chapter 2 Section 1 entitled “What Is Research?”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, September 18, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  sample, naturalistic observation, case study, survey, longitudinal study, cross-sectional study, correlation, hypothesis, variable, experimental group, control group

2.  What pre-research decisions do psychologists make?

3.  What are two ways to avoid a nonrepresentative sample?

4.  Why do psychologists use naturalistic observations?

5.  What kind of study uses diaries, tests, and interviews to intensively study a person or group?

6.  What types of data are most easily gathered through surveys?

7.  What is the difference between longitudinal and cross-sectional studies?

8.  What is the difference between a positive and negative correlation?

9.  How does a psychologist use an independent variable in an experiment?

10.  What types of ethical principles govern psycholological research?

Notebook Assignment #4:  (Assigned 9/18/19)

Read pages 42-45 in your textbook covering Chapter 2 Section 2 entitled “Problems and Solutions in Research”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, September 19, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  self-fulfilling prophecy, single-blind experiment, double-blind experiment, placebo effect

2.  Describe a time when your behavior influenced the behavior of someone else?

3.  How may a participant’s expectations affect the results of an experiment?

4.  Why do you think some psychologists considered Milgram’s experiment unethical?

5.  Explain how the placebo effect works.

Notebook Assignment #5:  (Assigned 10/2/19)

Read pages 61-68 in your textbook covering Chapter 3 Section 1 entitled “Physical, Perceptual, and Language Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Thursday, October 3, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  developmental psychology, grasping reflex, rooting reflex, maturation, telegraphic speech

2.  In what period of life do humans change the fastest and learn the most?

3.  What do developmental psychologists study?

4.  What are the two views of how behaviors develop?

5.  What innate capacities do newborns have?

6.  How do psychologists measure the capabilities of newborns?

7.  What processes occur during the first years of life that enable a child to expand his or her skills?

8.  Why should parents not waste time trying to coach an infant to learn new skills before he or she is ready?

9.  What perceptual abilities do newborns and infants have?

10.  What are the two primary components of langauge development?

11.  What are the basic stages in the development of language?

Notebook Assignment #6:  (Assigned 10/14/19)

Read pages 70-77 in your textbook covering Chapter 3 Section 2 entitled “Cognitive and Emotional Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, October 16, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms: schema, assimilation, accommodation, object permanence, representational thought, conservation, egocentric, imprinting, critical period

2.  What two factors are involved in intellectual development?

3.  When an object or event does not fit into our preexisting schemas, what two options do we have?

4.  How do infants treat objects they cannot see?  When does this treatment change?

5.  How are object permanence and representational thought related?

6.  At what age do children begin to understand the principle of conservation?

7.  What are the four stages of cognitive development identified by Jean Piaget?

8.  Who discovered that some animals become attached to their mothers by a process called imprinting?

9.  Why is attachment important?

10.  What did Henry Harlow conclude about his study of monkeys?

11.  What two types of anxiety are common to infants during the attachment period?

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