Developmental Psychology Notebook Assignment Questions -- Semester One 2017-2018

Psychology—Notebook Assignment #1 (Assigned 9/11/17 )

Read pages 7-13 (Why Study Psychology?) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 9/12/17.

  1. Define the following: physiological, cognitive, psychology, hypothesis, theory, basic science, applied science, and scientific method
  2. Name and describe each of the four goals of psychology.
  3. Why do psychologists use the scientific method?
  4. How might a psychologist doing basic science and a psychologist practicing applied science differ in their approach to the issue of “Internet addiction”?
  5. You have developed a hypothesis that gray cars and tan cars are more likely to be sideswiped than other colors of cars.  How would you test this hypothesis?

Psychology—Notebook Assignment #2 (Assigned 9/14/17 )

Read pages 14-22 (A Brief History of Psychology) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 9/18/17.

  1. Define the following: structuralist, introspection, functionalist, psychoanalyst, behaviorist, humanist, cognitivist, psychobiologist
  2. If phrenology had been proven to be accurate, how might it have been used to predict human behavior?
  3. Why did the Greeks think the heart was more important than the mind?
  4. How can social psychologists use other psychological approaches to help resolve cultural or ethnic conflicts?
  5. Focus for one minute on exactly what you are doing.  Write a complete description of your thought processes.

Psychology—Notebook Assignment #3 (Assigned 9/25/17 )

 Read pages 35-41 (What Is Research?) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 9/27/17.

  1. Define the following: sample, naturalistic observation, case study, survey, logitudinal study, cross-sectional study, correlation, hypothesis, variable, experimental group, control group
  2. What pre-research decisions do psychologists make?
  3. What are two ways to avaid a nonrepresentative sample?
  4. Why do psychologists use naturalistic observations?
  5. What kind of study uses diaries, tests, and interviews to intensively study a person or group?
  6. What types of data are most easily gathered through surveys?
  7. What is the difference between longitudinal and cross-sectional studies?
  8. What is the difference between a positive and negative correlation?
  9. How does a psychologist use an independent variable in an experiment?
  10. What types of ethical principles govern psychological research?

Psychology—Notebook Assignment #4 (Assigned 9/29/17 )

Read pages 42-45 (Problems and Solutions in Research) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 9/28/17.

  1. Define the following: self-fulfilling prophecy, single-blind experiment, double-blind experiment, placebo effect
  2. Describe a time when your behavior influenced the behavior of someone else.
  3. How may a participant’s expectations affect the results of an experiment?
  4. Why do you think some psychologists considered Milgram’s experiment unethical?
  5. Explain how the placebo effect works.

Psychology—Notebook Assignment #5 (Assigned 10/4/17 )

Essay Question:

In 100-150 words, answer each of the following questions and defend your answer with examples.  This is due on Thursday, October 5, 2017.

  1. What makes us uniquely human?
  2. How are we different from all other species of life on the planet?
  3. What makes you uniquely different from others?

Develomental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #6 (Assigned 10/10/17 )

Read pages 61-68 (Physical, Perceptual, and Language Development) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 10/11/17.

  1. Define the following: developmental psychology, grasping reflex, rooting reflex, maturation, telegraphic speech
  2. In what period of life do humans change the fastest and learn the most?
  3. What do developmental psychologists study?
  4. What are the two views of how behaviors develop?
  5. What innate capacities do newborns have?
  6. How do psychologists measure the capabilities of newborns?
  7. What processes occur during the first years of life that enable a child to expand his or her skills?
  8. Why should parents not waste time trying to coach an infant to learn new skills before he or she is ready?
  9. What perceptual abilities do newborns and infants have?
  10. What are the two primary components of language development?
  11. What are the basic stages in the development of language?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #7 (Assigned 10/16/17 )

Read pages 70-77 (Cognitive and Emotional Development) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 10/18/17.

  1. Define the following: schema, assimilation, accommodation, object permanence, representational thought, conservation, egocentric, imprinting, critical period
  2. What two factors are involved in intellectual development?
  3. When an object or event does not fit into our preexisting schemas, what two options do we have?
  4. How do infants treat objects they cannot see?  When does this treatment change?
  5. How are object permanence and represenational thought related?
  6. At what age do children begin to understand the principle of conservation?
  7. What are the four stages of cognitive development identified by Jean Piaget?
  8. Who discovered that some animals become attached to their mothers by a process called imprinting?
  9. Why is attachment important?
  10. What did Henry Harlow conclude about his study of monkeys?
  11. What two types of anxiety are common to infants during the attachment period?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #8 (Assigned 10/23/17 )

In 100-150 words, answer each of the following question and defend your answer with examples.  This is due on Tuesday, October 24, 2017.

Describe your parent’s parenting style.  How do you feel the way in which they raised you affects your behavior today?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #9 (Assigned 10/24/17 )

Moral Dilemma - Given your randomly assigned moral dilemma, read the dilemma and desrcibe what you would do if placed into this situation.  Be prepared to share and defend your responses.  This is due on Tuesday, October 24, 2017.

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #10 (Assigned 11/1/17 )

Read pages 93-99 (Physical and Sexual Development) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on Thursday, November 2, 2017.

  1. Define the following: initiation rites, puberty, menarche, spermarche, asynchrony
  2. What are some things that you believe distinguish a child from an adolescent?  In other words, explain how you knew you were no longer a child.  Provide some specific examples.   
  3. What are some things that you believe distinguish an adolescent from an adult? In other words, what things make you aware you are a no longer an adolescent and are considered an adult.  Provide some specific examples.
  4. What is adolescence?
  5. In many cultures and societies, what marks the admission into adulthood?
  6. How did G. Stanley Hall characterize adolescence?
  7. What influenced Margaret Mead to disagree with Hall’s view?
  8. List three of the developmental tasks that adolescents must master.
  9. What biological event marks the end of childhood?
  10. How do adolescents develop physically during this period?
  11. How do individual growth differences affect an adolescent’s personality?
  12. What behavioral changes accompany sexual maturation?
  13. What do studies indicate about the children of teenage mothers?
  14. What fears affect sexual behavior?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #11 (Assigned 11/8/17 )

Read pages 101-108 (Personal Development) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on Monday, November 13, 2017.

  1. Define the following: rationalization, identity crisis, social learning theory
  2. How does an adolescent’s thinking differ from that of a child?  What did Jean Piaget call this stage of thinking?
  3. Using an example from your own life, describe how you have used rationalization.
  4. What are some reasons listed in the textbook reading that explain why some people do not reach formal operations thinking?
  5. What are six problems identified by David Elkind that adolescents develop as a result of immaturity and abstract thought processes?
  6. What do psychologists believe are the factors that most influence moral development?
  7. Explain Erikson’s Theory of Identity Crisis.
  8. What is the major criticism of Erikson’s theory?
  9. How did Alfred Bandura and Margaret Mead differ from Erikson in their theory of personality development?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #12 (Assigned 11/15/17 )

Read pages 109-115 (Social Development) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, November 16, 2017.

  1. Define the following: clique, conformity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa
  2. What is a primary developmental task of an adolescent?
  3. What problems may parents face during the transitions that occur during adolescence?
  4. What roles do peers serve in a teen’s life?
  5. What charcterizes social groups in most schools?
  6. What functions do cliques serve?
  7. What is the major drawback to cliques?
  8. On major matters, whose advice do most teens rely upon?
  9. What claims does psychologist Judith Rich Harris make about the role of parents and peers?
  10. What is the illusion of invulnerability?
  11. What events trigger depression in adolescents?
  12. What are the two most common eating disorders?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #13 (Assigned 11/30/17 )

Read pages 129-136 (Adulthood) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on Tuesday, December 5, 2017.

  1. Define the following: menopause, generatively, stagnation
  2. Why do our bodies age?
  3. What physical changes occur during middle age?
  4. How are common causes of death linked to young adult lifestyles?
  5. What changes occur during menopause?
  6. What two factors primiarily determine the success or failure of a couple’s marriage?
  7. What cognitive changes typically occur during adulthood?
  8. How did Daniel Levinson describe the age-thirty crisis?
  9. What directions can men take during midlife transitions?
  10. What two transitional crisis may occur for females during middle age?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #14 (Assigned 12/6/17 )

Read pages 137-143 (Old Age) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on Thursday, December 7, 2017.

  1. Define the following: decremental model of aging, ageism, senile dementia, Alzheimer’s disease
  2. What is a common fear in our society?
  3. How does our society take a negative view of aging?
  4. What is the decremental model of aging?
  5. What are common misconceptions of young people about the old?
  6. What influences the health of older people?
  7. WHat is a chronic disease, and what are the most common chronic diseases?
  8. How do transitions between early adulthood and late adulthood vary?
  9. What factors influence the frequency and regularity of sexual activity in old age?
  10. What changes is society making to help people adjust to old age?
  11. What is the difference between crystallized and fluid intelligence?
  12. What are two forms of loss of mental functioning experienced by some older people?
  13. Give an example of something that might be a warning sign for Alzheimer’s disease.

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #15 (Assigned 1/2/18)

 Read pages 183-190 (Sleep and Dreams) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 1/3/18. 

  1. Define the following: consciousness, REM sleep, circadian rhythm, insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, nightmares, night terrors, sleepwalking
  2. How is an altered state of consciousness different from consciousness?
  3. Why is sleep characterized as an altered state of consciousness?
  4. What are four theories describing why humans sleep?
  5. List the four stages of sleep and the characteristics of each of these phases.
  6. Why is REM sleep called active sleep?
  7. Explain why some people experience “jetlag” when traveling.
  8. What kinds of social problems might a person with narcolepsy experience?
  9. List three reasons that cause people to suffer from sleep apnea.
  10. What did Sigmund Freud believe about dreams?  How did this compare to Nathaniel Kleitman’s view of dreams?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #16 (Assigned 1/4/18)

 Read pages 191-195 (Hypnosis, Biofeedback, and Meditation) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 1/9/18.

  1. Define the following: hypnosis, posthypnotic suggestion, biofeedback, meditation
  2. Explain how the theories or explanations of hypnosis differ.  (Note: there are three of these)
  3. Describe some uses for hypnosis.
  4. Name five uses for biofeedback.
  5. Name  and describe the three different forms of meditation.
  6. Name and describe newer biofeedback technologies that you are aware of that are being used today to change human behavior. (This is not in the text and answers do not have to relate to consciousness.)

 Read the case study on page 196 entitled “A Breath of Fresh Air”

  1. What causes asthma?
  2. Describe how participants monitored their physiological processes in the experiments.
  3. How did participants use biofeedback in the experiments?  Why was it successful?

Developmental Psychology—Notebook Assignment #17 (Assigned 1/9/17)

Read pages 197-202 (Drugs and Consciousness) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 1/11/17.

  1. Define the following: psychoactive drugs, marijuana, hallucinations, hallucinogens, LSD
  2. Why do you think powerful psychoactive drugs are a threat to health?
  3. What might happen to a person who smoked marijuana when he was worried about an upcoming test in school?
  4. In what ways can hallucinations be dangerous?
  5. Why are hallucinogens also called “psychedelic” drugs?
  6. LSD “trips” can be pleasant or terrifying.  How might this fact influence someone’s decision to use it?
  7. What does it mean to be “physically addictive”?
  8. Why do you think that people drink alcohol in spite of the dangers?
  9. Name five reasons why people abuse drugs.
  10. What three things must drug abusers do to receive treatment?
© George Olson 2018